Kualanamu International Airport (IATA: KNO, ICAO: WIMM) is located in Deli Serdang, North Sumatera. This Airport is 39 km from Medan. This is the second largest airport after Soekarno-Hatta International Airport. The airport is located on the site of what was previously an oil palm plantation of PT Perkebunan Nusantara II Tanjung Morawa In Beringin, Deli Serdang, North Sumatera. Development this airport is aimed to replace Polonia International Airport there are 85 years.The airport is expected to become "Main Hub" that is the new international transit center in Sumatera and the western part of Indonesia. Besides that, the policy of the development Kualanamu International airport is due to presence of Polonia International Airport in the center of Medan City have limitation operational and difficult to be developed and the facilities of Polonia International Airport is no longer able to accomodate needs for air transport services tending to increase.
History About The Development Plans of Kualanamu International Airport
1992 : The Election study of new airport location for replacment Polonia International Aiprort by The General Directorat of Air Transportation, where for 6 (six) alternative location in North Sumatera province there are around Kualanamu, Pantai Cermin, And Hamparan Perak ( each two location). By Considering 6 (six) aspect as follows:
a. Landscaping Zone Plans
b. Economic Growth
c. Economic Viability, Technically, Operational, Environment, and Air Transportation Business
d. Safety and Security Aviation
e. Integrated intra and inter modes
Selected 2 (two) alternative new airport location for replacing Polonia International Airport that is Kualanamu area and Pantai Cermin (each one location)
1994 : Research for Master Plan & Basic Design of new airport for replacing Polonia International Airport by General Directorate Air Transportation about 2 alternative location that is Kualanamu area and Pantai Cermin (each one location)
1995 : The determination of new Airport in Kualanamu for replacing Polonia International Airport in Transportation Minister Decree no 41/ 1995 ( 21 September 1995) and Refined later by Transportation Minister Decree no 66/ 1996 (6 November 1996).
1996 : The Launch of process land acquisition of location the new airport Kualanamu 1.365 Ha By PT Angkasa Pura II (Persero) as BUMN organizer public airport.
1997 : Study review master plan & basic design landside facilities the new airport Kualanamu by PT Angkasa Pura II (Persero)
The Development Plan of new airport Kualanamu with system “Ruislag”, in that time consortium PT Lamtoro Gung Persada interest to become investor.
Related to the economic crisis in the new government regulation, the development status of the new airport Kualanamu “Deferred Execution” through Presidential Decree No 39/1997 on September 20, 1997; and then status construction of new airport Kualanamu changed “Forwarded To Implementation” through Presidential Decree No. 47/1997 on November 1, 1997.
1998 : a change in the status of the construction of new airport Kualanamu "For Deferred Execution" through Presidential Decree No. 5/1998 on January 10, 1998;
2002 : Published KEPRES No 15/ 2002 about the recovation of Presidential Decree No 39/ 1997 intructed to Ministry Concerned to assess the feasibility of continuation suspended projects implantation (including the construction of new airport Kualanamu) on March 22, 2002;
Furthermore, The Ministry Of Transportation c/q General Directorate of Civil Aviation conduct reexamination based on level of needs, availability of funds and criteria / special characteristics projects and declared development of new airport in Kualanamu feasible to continue. And with the approval of the Prsident on the Reform Era, Minister of Transportation establishes new airport development in Kualanamu can continue with BLN/ LOAN system, But Indonesian Government Policy in “Indonesia Bersatu” Era approved funding from the state budget and sharing with PT Angkasa Pura II (Persero) as Orgaizer public airport.
2003 : Preparation Detail Engineering Design Kualanamu Airport development by Dirjen Air Transportation and PT Angkasa Pura II (Persero).
2006 : The Groundbreaking as the early commencement contruction of new airport in Kualanamu by Vice President RI M. Yusuf kalla.
2007 : Determintion Master Plan of new airport Kualanamu with the Minister of Transportation Regulation no: KM 30 / 2007 ( July 16, 2007) and amandements with Minister of Transportation Regulation No : KM 16 / 2007 (November 29, 2007). Determinations KKOP (Flight Operation Safety Zone) new airport Kualanamu wit Minister of Transportation Regulation No: KM 57/ 2007 (November 2, 2007).
2008 : Implementation of the new airport development in Kualanamu still going on and expected to be completed on target airport operations that have been set by The Government.
2013 : The Airport opened to Public On July 25, 2013.
2014 : Kualanamu International Airport was inaugurated officially by President RI Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono on March 27, 2014.